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-If you are first, you are first. If you are second, you are nothing.

-Bill Shankly

Keep your eyes on the stars and your feet on the ground.

— Theodore Roosevelt.

Hey, my name is Eirik. I am a 16-year old high-school student from Norway. In this blog I am adressing global issues aswell and international challanges. Subscribe below to get notified when I post new updates.

Solving clean water issues

Facts

Every human being needs water. If the earth did not have water, there would not be any life and for the most of the world’s population water is granted. However, 700 million humans are still struggling to access clean water sources. The problem is growing and in twenty years many more will face the problem of sickness from liquid.

There are many ways to solve this issue, indeed the issue of clean water has existed for many thousand years. Small micro-loans are one way. It means that rich countries give private persons a little loan to start building new water wells in their respective areas. An organisation that provide with such financially support is “water.org”. The organisation has helped over 24 million people and given about 5.7 million loans on the road. (water.org;, 2019)

The biggest difficulty is the growing population of the undeveloped-countries. According to Thomas Malthus theory the world’s population increases slowly before it gains momentum and increases dramatically. The worlds resources increase continuously and after some years the population is bigger than what the earth recourses can handle. Personally, I think that we are almost at this stage and we have to act to prevent a catastrophe.   (Harley, 2013)


Education could be a key factor trying to solve these huge issues. If undeveloped countries like Congo and India choose to educate their population, people will learn to build water wells, clarify the ones that already exists and learn about prevention. The challenges are huge, however there are possibilities’

Sources

Harley, R. (2013, 01 04). study.com. Picked from study.com: https://study.com/academy/lesson/malthusian-theory-of-population-growth-definition-lesson-quiz.html

water.org;. (2019, unknown unknown). water.org. Picked from water.org: https://water.org/solutions/

Gender Equality

Equal gender rights

In 1963, Martin Luther King JR held a speech, addressing the issue of racism. In this speech he made clear that everyone is created equal. Every human being is to be treated equal, no matter the race, sexual orientation or ethnicity. This counts for gender as well. However, in today’s modern society it is not always like that. (Wikipedia, 2019)

The new UN-sustainable goals were published in 2016. It contains of 17 goals with 169 intermediate objectives. The fifth goal is gender equality, and it is an important goal because there is still big difference between men and women. The goal is created for both rich and poor countries, however there are big difference between the challenges of these countries. We know that its target is more equality between the two genders, but what is the main purpose of the goal? (United nations, 2019)

«End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere» is the first sub-target. In this target the UN is addressing the matter discrimination between genders. In October 2017 the “metoo” campaign started. Women in multiple countries shared their stories of rapes and sexual harassment. Everyone used the hashtag “metoo” and it quickly became a trend. Many politicians and businessmen were affected by it, Donald Trump being one of them. In the last tree years, almost fifty women have accused the president for some kind of sexual harassment. In Norway the famous politician Trond Giske where accused several times for touching girls at the youth-party of the Norwegian labour party. The complains forced him to leave the politics. (Orgeret, 19) (Mindock, 2019)

In poor countries, the struggles are quite different from rich countries. Many girls can not go to school, and are married away from their family at a very young age. The main reason is money. The families are often poor, and with school being expensive, boys are put first in line when the family has to choose who they send to school. The girls are also needed at home to clean, make food, and take care of younger siblings. The boys are therefore prioritized, since in many cultures the man has the responsibility of feeding the family. 

Another reason is that boys always has been looked at as a better resource, and the status of having an educated son is more important than equality in many cases. Education is the key to get out economic issues. If poor countries want to develop, education is the best way to achieve less poverty. Education solves many problems. Overpopulation, dictatorship and bad economy are issues that could be solved through education. If everyone gets the knowledge and information they need, they can learn about contraception, about democracy and about economy. If girls get this information they can help develop their respective countries.  

Personally, I feel that the purpose of the goal is twofold. The first purpose is to address that it still exists discrimination of gender, even after many years of fighting for women’s rights in the western world. The second purpose is to address the issue in developing countries. If they use more resources on educating girls and stopping the discrimination, their countries will develop in the right direction economically, socially and globally. 

Sources

Mindock, C. (2019, 11 06). independent.co.uk. Hentet fra independent.co.uk: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-sexual-assault-allegations-all-list-misconduct-karen-johnson-how-many-a9149216.html

Orgeret, K. S. (19, 09 06). snl.no. Hentet fra snl.no: https://snl.no/metoo

United nations. (2019, unknown unknown). un.org. Hentet fra un.org: https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/envision2030.html

Wikipedia. (2019, 11 7). wikipedia.org. Hentet fra wikipedia.org: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_Have_a_Dream

Negative effects of globalization:

Can globalization be negative?

Today mostly of the world’s countries are globalized. Globalization is as if many ships becomes one. It is mostly positive. We get new ideas, learn from different cultures and it helps to cure racism. But can globalization have negative effects?

Jobs

Globalization favor big middle-class countries. Sharing technology and ideas, helps to modernize these countries. When poor countries produce the same products as rich countries, they are able to produce the products for a much lower production-cost. This is due to the low pay levels of salary in these countries. As a consequence of this, jobs in western countries are put at risk.  (ukessays, 2017)

Local culture

With a lot of new cultures, it is not easy keep it owns. A negative effect of globalization is that local culture often gets lost or wiped out. Why should young people follow their ancestors instead of the modern global culture? 

 (ukessays, 2017) (McKenzie, 2018)

Globalization favors Big-middle class that can Get into the world-market. However, really poor countries like Kenya or Somalia struggles to Get into the big market. The reason is often corruption or war. In a globalized world your either are in the market or not. This leads to indreased differences.

















Sources

(n.d.).

McKenzie, E. (2018, 06 25). theclassroom.com. Retrieved from theclassroom.com: https://www.theclassroom.com/negative-effects-of-globalization-on-culture-12083897.html

ukessays. (2017, 01 10). ukessays.com. Retrieved from ukessays.com: https://www.ukessays.com/essays/economics/positive-and-negative-effects-of-globalisation-for-business-economics-essay.php

ung.no. (2018, 21 11). ung.no. Retrieved from ung.no: https://www.ung.no/Valg-demokrati-og-samfunn/1752_Globalisering_-_verden_blir_mindre.html

The Energy crisis

70 years

In about 70 years the reserves of fossil energy will be empty. Fossil energy cover over 50% of our energy use. What will happened if 50% of the world don’t get the access of electricity or water? (Rosvold, 2018)

2100

The population of the world is increasing. In 2100 the world most likely will have a population of 10 billion inhabitants. More people will need electricity and fuel. The problem is that the world’s oil reserves is empty in 50 years. Of course, everybody can drive an electric car. However, when you drive an electric car you use electricity. Then we need to produce even more energy. Where can we find that? (Hofstad, snl.no, 2019)









Nuclear energy

My personal answer is that we have to use nuclear energy. In the future everybody has to use nuclear and renewable energy.  scientists agree that renewable energy is the best source of energy, however it is impossible to deliver renewable energy to 10 billion people. That is why we also have to use nuclear energy. Nuclear energy is also good for the climate so why not use it? (Rosvold, 2018)

Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power

Nuclear energy has no bad effect on the climate. The reason why people protest against it is that the consequences of an accident is enormous. If a reactor explodes, it is like an atomic bomb. Millions will die of the explosion and even more will die of the radiation that will come after the explosion. Another reason not to use nuclear power is that it will be a lot radioactive waste. The waste has to be stored somewhere safe to avoid accidents and terrorism. (Hofstad, 2019)

Tsjernobyl

In 1986 a fire began at a reactor in Tsjernobyl. The reactor exploded, and large radioactive waste came out into the air. Many thousands died and a still today there are some radioactive fallout in the sea. The Tsjernobyl accident is a good example of why nuclear power is not 100% safe.  

New technology

The hope is that the technology will help us. In 2001 the GIF agreement between 13 countries and the EU was signed. The purpose was to try to make the next generation reactor. In 2030 the plan is to have the reactor on the marked. If the new reactor managed to solve many of our problems nuclear power is our future. The reason why this agreement is so special is that the US and Russia are cooperating about something. If we are going to solve this crisis we will need international cooperating. (Hofstad, snl.no, 2018)

Sources

Hofstad, K. (2018, 01 17). snl.no. Picked from store norske leksikon: https://snl.no/Gen_IV-programmet

Hofstad, K. (2019, 03 08). snl.no. Picked from store norske leksikon: https://snl.no/kjernekraft

Marianne Tønnesen, H. S. (2018, 11 26). snl.no. Picked from store norske leksikon: https://snl.no/verdens_befolkning

Rosvold, K. (2018, 11 12). snl.no. Picked from store norske leksikon: https://snl.no/energiressurs

Steffen Kallbekken, I. J. (2018, 08 9). snl.no. Picked from store norske leksikon: https://snl.no/Parisavtalen

The Gardian. (2019, 03 15). theguardian.com. Picked from thegurdian: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/mar/15/its-our-time-to-rise-up-youth-climate-strikes-held-in-100-countries

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